New Briefing: ‘Slow death’: ten years confined to camps for 130,000 Rohingya in Myanmar

BROUK is publishing another report on the Myanmar military junta’s continuing failure to comply with the provisional measures set out by the International Court of Justice (ICJ).

More than two years have passed since the ICJ ordered Myanmar to ‘take all measures within its power’ to prevent irreparable harm against the Rohingya in its provisional measures order. The purpose of the order is to protect the Rohingya, a group described by the Court as ‘extremely vulnerable’. Since the ICJ’s order, the military junta in Myanmar has progressively tightened restrictions on those confined to the camps rather than easing them. Restrictions on freedom of movement and access to healthcare also remain in place for Rohingya in northern Rakhine State. When Rohingya men, women and children have sought to flee the appalling conditions of life imposed on them by the military junta in Rakhine State, they have been arrested, detained and treated as criminals, further dehumanising them.

The junta’s abject failure to comply with the ICJ’s provisional measures and the lack of transparency around reporting on its compliance with the order call into question the effectiveness of the measures. Until the ICJ case reaches its conclusion, the State of Myanmar is obliged to report to the Court every six months, with the latest report due by 23 May 2022. The Court must act decisively and without further delay to strengthen the provisional measures order by compelling reporting to be made public. Public scrutiny of the junta’s compliance with the order can in turn exert pressure on the UN Security Council to adopt a resolution on Myanmar rather than issuing yet another statement of ‘deep concern’.

Since BROUK’s last briefing on the military junta’s noncompliance with the provisional measures ordered by the International Court of Justice in November 2021, a ‘human rights catastrophe’ has continued to unfold in Myanmar.

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